Craft and industry have in the Bregenzerwald a long tradition. Its development relies heavily on tourism from the 1950s, and so dominate many hotels, restaurants and guesthouses the local scene. Around 20% of the employees find work and earn their money locally. There are however also in Mellau many other industrial and service establishments and last but not least, the Mellau Carpet Company.

Altogether there are about 500 jobs in Mellau, 294 locals commute daily outside of the town to their places of work,  against about 200 employees who come from outside, to work in our community.